Development and Presentation of Myopia

Myopia pic

Myopia
Image: webmd.com

Dr. Robert Deck has served as an optometrist in Michigan for more than 25 years. In that time, Dr. Robert Deck has diagnosed numerous Michigan patients with myopia and other refractive abnormalities.

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is an extremely common vision anomaly. It affects more than 30 percent of individuals in the United States and has increased notably in prevalence in the 30 years leading up to the new millennium. It is most commonly diagnosed in middle childhood and generally progresses steadily until approximately the age of 20, though new diagnoses may also occur in adults who have certain medical conditions or experience eye strain.

Myopia causes objects that are far away to appear blurred, though the patient can still see nearby objects clearly. It typically develops when the eyeball becomes abnormally long, which in turn interferes with the normal path of light form the cornea to the retina. It may also occur when the lens of the eye is too thick or the cornea abnormally curved, though some patients’ myopia is a result of two or more of these abnormalities occurring in the same eye.

Individuals with myopia can most often experience normal vision with eyeglasses or contact lenses, though some may choose to undergo refractive surgery for a more permanent correction. This option is only available to patients whose eyes have stopped growing.

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