Causes and Treatments of Ambylopia

Ambylopia pic


Robert Deck serves as an optometrist at the office of Todd Harris and Associates in Lapeer, Michigan. There, Robert Deck of Michigan offers eye testing and diagnosis of presenting vision issues, including ambylopia.

Also known as “lazy eye,” ambylopia occurs when one eye cannot properly communicate with the brain. In patients with normal vision, cells in the retina collect light images and translate those images into neurological signals that travel to the brain by way of the optic nerve. If there is any interruption in the process, the brain perceives the signals from the affected eye as a blurry image.

When the brain receives blurry images from one eye and clear images from another, in time it begins to disregard the images from the blurry eye. This leads to under-stimulation of the affected optic nerve pathways and causes vision in that eye to worsen.

Ambylopia does not stem from the same single cause in all patients. Some develop the condition because one eye focuses significantly more effectively than the other, while others experience it as a result of misalignment of the eyes themselves. Sometimes, it arises due to a clouding of the anterior region of the eye, a condition called cataract.

Ambylopia does not respond to corrective lenses, but it can be highly treatable in children. Treatment typically involves forcing the brain to learn to communicate with the weaker eye, either through patching or by way of eye drops. Medical science has not yet had a great deal of success in treating the condition in adults, though research continues to explore the possibility.


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